Cumin is a small annual plant native to the Mediterranean region, where it is cultivated extensively. The cumin seed is widely used in cooking. The dried seeds resemble to those of caraway, but are straighter in form and have a coarser taste and odour . Major cumin seed producers include Egypt, Iran, India and morocco. Cumin is a major component of curry and chili powder and has been used to flavour a variety of commercial food products
Cumin seeds are used in cooking; components may have antioxidant, anti cancer, anti bacterial and lavicida effects. Black cumin also popular know as wild or shahi Zeera in the Persian and Indian sub continent, is related variety of regular cumin. Its seeds feature long, slender, curved, dark brown pods with distinctive earthy flavour.